Surely you have been surprised by this headline which food to avoid in pregnancy because fruits are optimal for any diet.
However, during pregnancy, there are small restrictions that you should know, although in most cases, they are highly advised due to its high content of iron, vitamin C, and folic acid. These nutrients are those that collaborate in the formation of the organs of the fetus.
For example, pregnant women with diabetes should not continuously drink fruits that contain high levels of sugar, such as grapes or mango.
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These types of cheeses are fewer acidic and moist than hard cured cheeses, which makes them an ideal culture medium for hazardous bacteria like listeria. But pregnant women are 20 times more at risk than other people.
It is essential to avoid the risk of contracting it because listeria crosses the placenta, reaches the fetus, and can cause a miscarriage, fetal death, or severe illness in the newborn.
Women who follow a vegan diet can continue to consume alternatives to cheese based on that have not been fermented or have been pasteurized.
A pregnant woman should not eat raw or slightly cooked eggs as they can be contaminated with salmonella. Although a salmonella infection is unlikely to harm the baby, it can leave you dehydrated and every week because of diarrhea and vomiting that can last for days.
As in the case of cheeses, vegans do not have that risk. However, they can continue to enjoy tortillas and other preparations with vegetable alternatives to the egg.
The undercooked or raw meat is harmful during pregnancy because of the high chance of toxoplasmosis contracting an infection caused by a parasite that appeared in the flesh and may cause epilepsy, mental retardation, blindness in a child.
All meat should be cooked well so that it does not bleed or show pink areas. And after cooking, all surfaces with which the meat has been in contact should be thoroughly cleaned.
Once again, vegan women are safe and can get the protein they need from plant sources: legumes, soy derivatives such as tofu, seitan, seeds, nuts, and cereals.
The liver pate and other foods that carry this organ are too rich in retinol (vitamin A) for a woman with pregnancy. Overconsumption of vitamin A can harm the baby.
The problem does not exist if you get vitamin A from vegetables rich in beta-carotene. This pigment that gives warmth to carrots, apricots, or pumpkins is transformed by the liver into vitamin A as the body needs it.
Vegetable pates such as chickpea hummus or lentils are nutritious and safe.
The bluefin tuna, the swordfish (Emperor), the pike, the dogfish, and king mackerel are fatty fish species that may carry a hazardous dose of mercury, a high metal toxic to neurons.
It may also include carcinogenic dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls, which are endocrine disruptors.
Many other countries in the world recommend that pregnant women consume other fish species: small species such as sardines and whitefish.
Bluefish are rich in healthy omega-3 fatty acids, but pregnant women can get the amount they need from vegetable sources such as oil and crushed flax seeds, nuts, and chia seeds.
The other and other shellfish species that are eaten fresh can poison you with harmful bacteria and viruses.
If you like to enjoy the taste of the sea, try the seaweed (a minimal amount is enough).
Which food to avoid in pregnancy
The caffeine is rapidly absorbed and reaches the placenta and fetus, which does not have the enzymes needed to metabolize it. An excess increases the risk of the baby being born with little weight, which increases the chances of future health problems, including diabetes and heart disease. Too much caffeine can also cause a miscarriage.
In addition to coffee, caffeine is naturally found in other foods, such as tea (including green tea) and chocolate, and is mixed to some soft drinks and energy drinks.
Keep in mind that some medications sold over the counter to treat cold and flu symptoms may contain high doses of caffeine.
If you are used to drinking coffee, you can replace it with chamomile or peppermint infusions. The taste is very different, but the ritual and heat can comfort you as much or more than a coffee.
There is the possibility that in salmon sprouts, alfalfa and other salmonella develop. Washing is not enough to guarantee their elimination, so pregnant women should not consume them raw.
In general, during pregnancy, you should take special care when washing fruits and vegetables.
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Of course, pregnant women should not consume a drop of alcohol, which increases the risk of abortion and stillbirth. A minimal dose can already negatively affect the brain development and health of the baby.
Alcohol can cause fetal alcohol syndrome, which leads to facial deformities, heart defects, and mental retardation.
The prepared dishes found in supermarkets can be very comfortable, but often provide few micronutrients and too many calories, salt, fat, and sugars.
As pregnant women have increased micronutrient needs, they must avoid very caloric processed foods and prefer whole foods that are very rich in micronutrients, such as vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes, and fruits.
The sugars that are added to prepared dishes, industrial pastries, or soft drinks s multiply the risk of obesity and gestational diabetes, which can lead to complications in childbirth and increases the risk of the child being overweight.
Fruits to avoid during pregnancy
All fruits are indeed allowed during pregnancy, and none should not be ingested, but the following types of grains must be taken into account.
- Unwashed fruits and vegetables. The most important and essential thing you can do is to wash fruits, vegetables, and vegetables well before eating or cooking them. Bacteria, like listeria or salmonella, and other parasites, may be present in the skin of this type of food. By their presence, they can infect you and your child, which can show the symptoms at birth.
- Avoid transgenic fruit due to the danger of pesticides. Although scientific studies do not show that taking this fruit has side effects, it is best to bear organic fruit. The fruits that are most at risk of containing pesticides are apples, cranberries, cherries, pears, strawberries, and grapes.
- Try not to buy unpasteurized juices. These fruit juices may include pathogens, such as E. coli, salmonella, and cryptosporidium. On the other hand, if they are sterilized, almost all the content and minerals of the fruit are reduced. In all cases, the best option would be to prepare the juice at home.
- Eat acidic fruits in a small quantity. Pineapple and citrus fruits are not dangerous, but they can cause heartburn or reflux if they are taken in excess.
In theory, all fruits can be taken in pregnancy, although with certain diseases, you have to be careful.
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